U Upper Wood between the glades and the “new” middle path

Topography:
Steep bank, slopes and level woodland

Aspect:
A south and south-west facing slope shaded by trees

General Description:
Mixed woodland and shrubs: beech, mature and sapling, and oak predominate in some areas, some individual species, large areas of bramble, lot of dead and damaged trees. Public and other paths, some wear from play, bikes. Some trees damaged by fires: other dead trees lying and standing. Signs of horse riding. Quad bike seen – it retreated when the rider saw the clipboard! Car remains at south-east corner: old chair midway.

Features:
“New” middle path is the lower boundary, two paths for part of the top boundary with top of steep slopes. Central area is a wooded glade.

Soil:
Sandy

Grasses:
Wavy hair grass (Deschampsia flexuosa)
Wood melick (Melica uniflora)
Yorkshire fog (Holcus lanatus)
Great wood-rush (Luzula sylvatica)

Ferns:
Broad buckler fern (Dryopteris dilatata)
Male fern (Dryopteris filix-mas)

Mosses:
Present

Lichens:
On the bark of some trees

Fungi:
On dead trees

Trees and Shrubs
•Oak (Quercus robur)
•Beech (Fagus sylvactica)
•Silver birch (Betula pendula)
•Elm (Ulmus procera)
•Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus)
•Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)
•Elder (Sambucus nigra)
•Ash (Fraxinus excelsior)
•Yew (Taxus baccata)
•Holly (Ilex aquifolium)
•Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)
•Ivy (Hedera helix)
•Bramble (Rubus fruticosus)
•Honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum)
•Turkey Oak ( Quercus cerris)
•Broom (Sarothamnus scoparius)
•Dog rose (Rosa canina)
•Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
•Whitebeam (Sorbus aria)

Plants
•Dog’s mercury (Mercurialis perennis)
•Cleavers (Galium aparine)
•Wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella)
•Wood sage (Teucrium scorodonia)
•Common violet (Viola riviniana)
•Knapweed (Centaurea nigra)
•Herb bennet (Geum urbanum)
•Herb robert (Geranium robertianum)
•Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea)
•Hawkweed (Hieracium sp)
•Nipplewort (Lapsana communis)
•Pignut (Conopodium majus)
•Common Burdock (Artium pubens)
•Wild licorice (Astragalus glycyphyllos)

Invertibrates
•White lipped snail
•Small wood louse

Mammals
•Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
•Fox (Vulpa vulpa)

Birds
•Blackbird (Turdus merula)
•Long tailed tit (Aegithalos caudatus)
•Tree creeper (Certhia familiaris)

How could the area be improved:
Remove old chair and car and litter. Steps on “new” middle path needed and shrub stumps are trip hazards. A firmer surface is needed on the path at the southern end; it has been eroded by motorbikes. Selective undergrowth clearance is needed and encouragement of woodland plants.